Convert AI to TTF – A Simple Guide to Converting Adobe Illustrator Files to TrueType Font Format


If you’ve ever needed to convert an AI file to TTF, you know how frustrating and time-consuming the process can be. But fear not, because we have the solution for you. With our easy and efficient method, you can convert your AI files to TTF format in no time, saving you both time and effort.

Converting AI to TTF can be tricky, as these file formats are not directly compatible with each other. However, our step-by-step guide will walk you through the process, ensuring that you achieve the desired results. Whether you need to convert a single file or batch convert multiple files, our method works flawlessly every time.

Our method utilizes advanced algorithms and cutting-edge technology to ensure the highest quality conversion. By preserving the original design and formatting of your AI files, we guarantee that the resulting TTF files will look exactly as intended. Whether you’re a graphic designer, font creator, or simply someone looking to convert AI files to use in your projects, our method is the perfect solution.

Don’t waste any more time struggling with complicated and time-consuming conversion methods. Try our easy and efficient way to convert AI to TTF today and experience the difference for yourself. With our method, you’ll have your AI files converted to TTF format in no time, allowing you to focus on what you do best – creating and designing without any hassle.

Why Convert AI to TTF

Converting AI (Adobe Illustrator) files to TTF (TrueType Font) is a common practice among designers and typographers. This conversion allows them to take advantage of the wide range of possibilities offered by TrueType fonts, making the process of creating and editing fonts much easier and more efficient.


The main reason to convert AI to TTF is compatibility. AI files are primarily used for creating and editing vector graphics, while TTF is a font file format that can be used on various platforms and operating systems. By converting AI files to TTF, designers ensure that their fonts can be used by a wider audience and across different software applications.

Editable Fonts

Another advantage of converting AI to TTF is the ability to edit the fonts. AI files may contain vectors, but they are not typically recognized as fonts by most software. By converting them to TTF, designers can take advantage of the built-in editing features of TTF, such as adjusting letter shapes, adding ligatures, or modifying spacing and kerning.

  • Easy Installation: TTF files are simple to install and use across various platforms, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  • Wider Availability: Converting AI to TTF allows designers to share their fonts more easily, as TTF is a widely supported font format.
  • Expanded Design Options: TTF files offer a wide range of design options, including different font weights, styles, and international character sets.
  • Better Rendering: TTF fonts typically have better rendering capabilities, resulting in smoother lines and improved readability.

In conclusion, converting AI to TTF offers compatibility, editing capabilities, and a wider range of design options for designers and typographers. It enables them to create fonts that can be easily used and shared across various platforms, making the process of font creation more efficient and accessible.

Advantages of TTF Format

The TTF format, short for TrueType Font, offers numerous advantages when compared to other font formats. Here are some of the key benefits:

1. Widespread Compatibility: TTF files are supported by most operating systems and applications, ensuring that your font can be easily viewed and used on various platforms.

2. Easy to Convert: Converting AI (Adobe Illustrator) files to TTF format is a straightforward process. By using specialized conversion tools or online services, you can quickly transform your AI designs into usable TTF fonts.

3. Scalability and Resolution: TTF files are vector-based, meaning they can be scaled to any size without losing quality. This makes them suitable for use in various design projects, from small graphics to large print materials.

4. Smooth Edges: TTF fonts have smooth and clean edges due to the TrueType technology they are based on. This ensures a visually pleasing appearance, improving the overall readability and aesthetic appeal of your designs.

5. Embeddable: TTF fonts can be embedded within documents, allowing you to share your designs without worrying about font compatibility. This ensures consistent visual presentation, regardless of the device or software used to view the document.

6. Editable: TTF fonts can be easily modified and customized using various font editing software. This flexibility allows you to tailor the font to suit your specific design needs and preferences.

Overall, the TTF format provides a convenient and efficient way to convert AI designs into usable fonts. Its compatibility, scalability, clean edges, embeddability, and editability make it a popular choice among designers and typographers.

Limitations of AI Format

The AI format, developed by Adobe Systems, is widely used for storing and editing vector-based graphics. However, it does have some limitations when it comes to converting to other formats, such as TTF.

1. Compatibility

Converting AI files to TTF can be problematic due to compatibility issues. TTF is primarily used for font files, while AI is designed for intricate vector graphics. This difference in file structure and purpose can result in incomplete or distorted conversion.

2. Loss of Design Elements

Another limitation of converting AI to TTF is the potential loss of design elements. AI files often contain complex layers, effects, and other design elements that may not be fully supported or preserved in TTF format. This can lead to a loss of detail and overall quality in the converted file.

While there are various tools and software available for converting AI to TTF, it is important to be aware of these limitations and test the output thoroughly before finalizing the conversion process.

The Conversion Process

Converting AI to TTF is a straightforward process that can be completed in a few simple steps. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you through the conversion process:

  1. Prepare your AI file: Open your AI file in suitable graphic editing software, such as Adobe Illustrator or CorelDRAW. Ensure that your AI file is properly formatted and organized before proceeding with the conversion.
  2. Export AI file as SVG: Save your AI file as an SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) file. This format allows for easy scalability and compatibility with various software and platforms.
  3. Convert SVG to font: Use an online font converter tool or a font editing software to convert the SVG file into a font format such as TTF (TrueType Font). This conversion process will map the individual characters from the SVG file into the font file.
  4. Test and refine the font: Once the conversion process is complete, test the TTF file to ensure that all characters are properly mapped and displayed. Make any necessary refinements to the font file until you are satisfied with the visual appearance and usability.
  5. Install the TTF file: Install the TTF file on your computer by double-clicking on the file and selecting the “Install” option. This will make the font available for use in various applications and software.
  6. Apply the font: Start using the converted TTF font in your preferred design software or word processing applications. Select the font from the available font options and apply it to your text as desired.

By following these simple steps, you can easily convert your AI file to TTF format and have a custom font ready for use in your projects.

Selecting the Right Conversion Tool

Converting AI to TTF files can be a simple process with the right conversion tool. There are several factors to consider when selecting the appropriate tool for your needs.

  1. Accuracy: It is important to choose a conversion tool that can accurately convert AI files to TTF format. Look for tools that have a reputation for producing high-quality and error-free conversions.
  2. Compatibility: Ensure that the conversion tool you choose is compatible with your operating system and software. Some tools may only work with specific versions of AI or require additional plugins to function properly.
  3. Ease of Use: Look for a conversion tool that offers a user-friendly interface and intuitive workflow. This will make the conversion process easier and quicker, even for those who are not familiar with graphic design software.
  4. Additional Features: Some conversion tools may offer additional features or customization options. Consider whether these features are necessary for your specific project or if a simpler tool will suffice.
  5. Price: Lastly, consider the cost of the conversion tool. There are both free and paid options available, so evaluate your budget and requirements before making a decision.

By considering these factors and choosing the right conversion tool, you can efficiently convert your AI files to TTF format with ease.

Preparing the AI File

Before converting an AI file to TTF format, it’s important to properly prepare the file to ensure the best results. Here are several steps to follow:

1. Organize Your Layers

In Adobe Illustrator, make sure to organize your artwork into separate layers. This will help simplify the conversion process and allow for easy editing later.

2. Convert Text to Outlines

In order to preserve the original fonts when converting the AI file, it’s recommended to convert all text to outlines. This will essentially turn the text into vector shapes, ensuring that the resulting TTF file looks exactly as intended.

3. Check for Compatibility

Ensure that the AI file is compatible with the version of Adobe Illustrator being used. If there are any compatibility issues, it’s advisable to upgrade or find an alternative solution to ensure a smooth conversion process.

By following these steps and properly preparing your AI file, you’ll be ready to convert it to TTF format with ease. This will ensure that your fonts are preserved and the resulting TTF file is of the highest quality.

Choosing the Desired TTF Format

When converting AI files to TTF format, it is essential to consider the specific requirements and preferences for the TTF file. The TTF format offers various options and features that can be customized according to individual needs.

Here are a few factors to consider when choosing the desired TTF format:

1. Font Style

The TTF format allows you to select different font styles such as regular, bold, italic, and bold italic. Depending on the design and purpose of your project, you can choose the appropriate font style that best complements your content.

2. Character Encoding

Character encoding defines the mapping between characters and their respective glyph representations in the TTF file. It is crucial to choose the correct character encoding to ensure that all the characters in your AI file are accurately represented in the TTF format.

There are various character encoding options available, such as Unicode, ASCII, and ISO-8859. It is recommended to use Unicode encoding as it supports a wide range of characters from different languages and scripts.

3. Kerning and Ligatures

Kerning and ligatures play a vital role in improving the overall readability and aesthetics of the text. Kerning adjusts the spacing between individual characters, while ligatures replace certain character combinations with a single glyph.

When converting AI to TTF, make sure to enable kerning and ligatures if your design requires them. This will ensure that the TTF file maintains the same visual appeal as the original AI file.

By considering these factors and customizing the TTF format accordingly, you can ensure that the converted AI to TTF file meets your specific requirements and delivers the desired outcome.

Adjusting Preferences and Settings

When converting AI to TTF, it is important to adjust the preferences and settings to ensure the best possible outcome. Here are some key preferences and settings that you should consider:

1. Font Size: One of the main considerations when converting AI to TTF is the font size. Make sure to choose a suitable size for your TTF font, as resizing it later may affect the quality and readability of the text.

2. Kerning and Spacing: Kerning refers to the adjustment of space between individual characters, while spacing refers to the adjustment of space between words. It is essential to pay attention to these settings to maintain proper readability and aesthetics in your TTF font.

3. Ligatures: Ligatures are special characters that combine two or more letters into a single glyph. Some fonts have ligatures enabled by default, while others do not. Adjusting the ligatures can give your TTF font a unique touch.

4. Glyph Substitution: Glyph substitution enables you to replace specific characters with alternate glyphs. This feature is particularly helpful if you need to create variations of certain characters or symbols in your TTF font.

5. Hinting: Hinting is the process of adding additional instructions to the font to improve its rendering on various devices. Adjusting the hinting settings can optimize the legibility and clarity of your TTF font.

6. Metadata: Adding relevant metadata, such as the font name, designer’s name, and license information, is crucial for organizing and protecting your TTF font. Be sure to adjust the metadata settings accordingly.

By adjusting these preferences and settings, you can convert AI to TTF more efficiently and achieve the desired results for your font.

Initiating the Conversion

Converting AI (Adobe Illustrator) files to TTF (TrueType Font) format can be a simple and efficient process when using the right tools. There are several methods to convert AI files into TTF, but the most reliable and effective way is to use dedicated software or online converters.

Choosing the Right Converter

When initiating the conversion, it is essential to select a reliable AI to TTF converter that fits your needs. There are numerous converters available online, each with its own set of features and capabilities. It is recommended to choose a converter that offers batch conversion, support for different AI file versions, and customization options.

Online Converters

Online converters provide the convenience of conducting the conversion process without the need to install any additional software. They usually have user-friendly interfaces that allow you to upload your AI files and select the desired output format (TTF). Some online converters even offer additional features like font customization and preview options to ensure the converted font meets your requirements.

It is important to note that online converters may have file size limitations, so it is advisable to check the size of your AI files before initiating the conversion process.

Offline Software

If you prefer to have more control over the conversion process or need to convert large volumes of AI files, using offline software might be a better option. Offline software usually provides more advanced features and allows you to convert multiple AI files simultaneously.

When selecting offline software, it is advisable to choose a reputable and reliable program that supports AI to TTF conversion. It is also recommended to check user reviews and ratings to ensure the software can provide accurate and high-quality results.

Once you have chosen the desired converter, you can initiate the conversion process by following the instructions provided by the software or online converter. It typically involves selecting the AI files you wish to convert, choosing the output folder, and starting the conversion. Depending on the size and complexity of the AI files, the conversion process may take a few seconds to several minutes.

After the conversion is complete, you will have your AI files transformed into the TTF format, ready for use in various applications, such as graphic design, typography, and more. Remember to save the converted files in a safe location for future use.

Reviewing the Converted TTF File

Once you have successfully converted your AI file to TTF format, it is important to review the converted TTF file to ensure its accuracy and quality. Here are some essential steps to follow while reviewing the converted TTF file:

1. Character Mapping: Check if all the characters from your original AI file have been properly mapped to the corresponding glyphs in the TTF file. This ensures that the font can display the required characters accurately.

2. Font Metrics: Examine the font metrics, such as ascender, descender, and line gap, to ensure that the spacing and positioning of the characters are consistent and visually pleasing.

3. Ligatures and Kerning: If your original AI file had ligatures or kerning pairs defined, make sure that they are preserved in the converted TTF file. Ligatures and kerning play a crucial role in improving the overall readability and aesthetics of the font.

4. Font Size and Weight: Verify that the converted TTF file maintains the correct font size and weight as intended in the original AI file. This is particularly important when using the font for specific design purposes or matching it with other fonts.

Checklist for Reviewing the Converted TTF File
Character Mapping
Font Metrics
Ligatures and Kerning
Font Size and Weight

By carefully reviewing these aspects of the converted TTF file, you can ensure that the final font retains the desired characteristics and performs optimally in various applications. It is recommended to test the converted TTF file in different environments and platforms to ensure its compatibility and functionality.

Benefits of Easy and Efficient Conversion

Converting AI files to TTF (TrueType Font) formats can bring numerous benefits to designers and users alike. Here are some advantages of easy and efficient conversion:

  • Compatibility: TTF format is widely recognized and supported by various platforms and operating systems. By converting AI files to TTF, designers can ensure their fonts can be used seamlessly across different devices and software.
  • Accessibility: Converting AI to TTF allows for greater accessibility for users. TTF fonts can be easily installed and used in applications, websites, and other creative projects. This accessibility enhances the overall user experience and ensures that the intended typography is preserved.
  • Scalability: TTF fonts are scalable, meaning they can be adjusted to different sizes without affecting the quality. This scalability allows designers to have greater flexibility in their typography designs and ensures that the fonts will look crisp and clear across various resolutions and devices.
  • Consistency: By converting AI files to TTF, designers can maintain font consistency throughout their projects. This is particularly important when collaborating with other designers or working on branding materials, as it ensures that the same font can be used and replicated accurately.
  • Efficiency: Easy and efficient conversion from AI to TTF saves time and effort for designers. Converting multiple files at once can streamline the font conversion process and allow designers to focus on other aspects of their projects.

In conclusion, the benefits of easy and efficient conversion from AI to TTF format are wide-ranging and essential for designers and users looking to optimize their typography and ensure compatibility across various platforms and devices.

Compatibility with Different Platforms and Systems

The AI to TTF conversion tool ensures compatibility with a wide range of platforms and systems, allowing users to seamlessly convert their AI files into TTF fonts regardless of the operating system or device they are using.

Operating Systems

Whether you are using Windows, macOS, or Linux, the AI to TTF converter is compatible with all major operating systems. This ensures that users can easily convert their AI files to TTF format regardless of the system they are working on.


The conversion tool is also compatible with different devices, including desktop computers, laptops, tablets, and even smartphones. This means that you can convert your AI files to TTF fonts using a device of your choice, whether you are in the office, at home, or on the go.

Platform Supported
Windows Yes
macOS Yes
Linux Yes
iOS Yes
Android Yes

With its cross-platform compatibility, the AI to TTF conversion tool offers flexibility and convenience to users, allowing them to convert their AI files to TTF fonts without any limitations or restrictions.

Consistency in Design and Typography

When it comes to design and typography, consistency is key. It is important to maintain a consistent look and feel throughout your project to create a cohesive and professional appearance. This includes both the design elements and the typography used in your project.

To start with, you need to ensure that your design elements, such as colors, shapes, and layouts, are consistent across different pages or sections of your project. This will help create a sense of harmony and unity, making it easier for users to navigate and understand your content.

Typography plays a crucial role in conveying your message effectively. Consistent typography helps establish a visual hierarchy, guiding the reader’s eye and making it easier to skim through the content. It’s important to choose a font family that complements your design and aligns with the overall style of your project.

When converting AI to TTF (TrueType Font), maintaining consistency in design and typography is equally important. Fonts define the character and personality of your text, so it’s essential to ensure that the converted font remains consistent with the original design. This includes preserving the font weight, style, and overall appearance.

Consistency in design and typography not only enhances the visual appeal of your project but also improves usability and readability. It helps create a seamless user experience and fosters trust and professionalism. Whether you’re designing a website, a mobile app, or any other project, keeping a consistent design and typography is a must.

So, remember, when converting AI to TTF, pay attention to maintaining consistency in design and typography. This will help you create a polished and visually appealing final product.

Time and Cost Savings

Converting AI files to TTF format can be a time-consuming and expensive task if done manually. However, with the right tools and techniques, you can save valuable time and reduce costs.

Efficient Conversion Process

By utilizing specialized software or online services, you can streamline the conversion process. These tools are designed to convert AI files to TTF format quickly and accurately, automating repetitive tasks and reducing the risk of errors. Instead of spending hours manually converting each file, you can complete the task in just a few clicks.

Furthermore, these conversion tools often offer batch processing capabilities, allowing you to convert multiple AI files to TTF format simultaneously. This means that you can save even more time by converting entire folders or projects in one go.

No Need for Design Expertise

When converting AI files to TTF format manually, you may require a deep understanding of typography and font design. This can be both time-consuming and costly, as you may need to hire a professional designer or spend extensive time learning the necessary skills.

However, with specialized conversion tools, you don’t need to be a typography expert. The software or online service will handle the conversion process for you, ensuring that the resulting TTF files are accurate and of high quality. This eliminates the need for costly design expertise, allowing you to save both time and money.

Fast Turnaround Time

Time is a valuable resource in any project or business. By using efficient AI to TTF conversion tools, you can significantly reduce the turnaround time for your projects. You no longer have to wait for extended periods or experience delays caused by manual conversion processes.

With quick and reliable AI to TTF conversion, you can meet tight deadlines and keep your projects running smoothly. This not only saves time but also increases overall productivity and customer satisfaction.

In conclusion, utilizing specialized software or online services for AI to TTF conversion can lead to significant time and cost savings. By streamlining the conversion process, eliminating the need for extensive design expertise, and providing a fast turnaround time, these tools offer a more efficient and economical solution for converting AI files to TTF format.

Flexibility and Customization Options

When it comes to converting AI to TTF, having flexibility and customization options can greatly enhance the final result. With advanced conversion tools, you have the ability to tailor the TTF font to your specific needs, ensuring that it matches your design vision perfectly.

One of the main advantages of using AI to TTF conversion is the ability to easily modify the font’s characteristics. Whether you want to adjust the weight, width, or any other attribute of the font, the conversion process allows you to do so seamlessly. This flexibility ensures that the TTF font you create is exactly what you envisioned.

Customizable Glyphs

Another key aspect of AI to TTF conversion is the ability to customize individual glyphs within the font. This means you can modify specific characters to better suit your design requirements. Whether it’s tweaking the curves of a letter or adding unique embellishments, the power to customize glyphs adds a personal touch to your font.

Variable Fonts

With AI to TTF conversion, you also have the opportunity to create variable fonts. Variable fonts allow for dynamic adjustments in weight, width, and other attributes, giving you even more control and flexibility in your design. This can be especially useful when creating font families with multiple variations.

Overall, the flexibility and customization options available when converting AI to TTF open up endless possibilities for designers. Whether you’re looking to fine-tune the font’s characteristics or create something entirely unique, AI to TTF conversion provides the tools you need to bring your design ideas to life.

Popular Conversion Tools

If you are looking to convert AI files to TTF, there are several popular conversion tools available that can help you achieve this quickly and efficiently.

1. Adobe Illustrator

Adobe Illustrator is one of the most widely used and trusted software when it comes to working with AI files. It offers a range of powerful features that make it easy to convert AI files to TTF. Simply open the AI file in Adobe Illustrator, make any necessary edits or adjustments, and then save the file as a TTF font.

2. Online Converters

There are also several online converters that allow you to convert AI files to TTF without the need for any software installation. These online converters typically have a simple and user-friendly interface, where you can simply upload your AI file and choose the TTF format for conversion. The converter will then process the file and provide you with a download link to the converted TTF file.

Some popular online converters include Online Convert, Zamzar, and Convertio. These tools are free to use and provide fast and reliable conversion services.

With these popular conversion tools, you can easily convert AI files to TTF format, making it convenient for you to use your AI designs as fonts in various applications and platforms.

Tool A: Features and Benefits

Converting AI files to TTF format can be a complex and time-consuming process, but with Tool A, it is made easy and efficient. This tool offers a range of features and benefits that make it the perfect solution for all your AI to TTF conversion needs.

One of the key features of Tool A is its user-friendly interface. You don’t need any prior experience or technical knowledge to use this tool. It provides a simple and intuitive interface that allows you to convert AI files to TTF format with just a few clicks.

Another great feature of Tool A is its fast conversion speed. Whether you have a single AI file or multiple files that need to be converted, this tool can handle it all. With its powerful conversion algorithm, it can quickly convert AI files to TTF format, saving you time and effort.

In addition to its speed, Tool A also ensures high-quality conversions. It takes care of all the necessary adjustments and optimizations to ensure that the resulting TTF files are pixel-perfect and retain all the details of the original AI files.

Tool A also offers batch conversion capabilities, allowing you to convert multiple AI files to TTF format simultaneously. This saves you the hassle of converting each file individually, making the process even more efficient.

Furthermore, Tool A provides a range of customization options. You can specify the desired font size, style, and other parameters to tailor the converted TTF files according to your preferences. This level of customization sets Tool A apart from other conversion tools in the market.

Overall, Tool A offers a seamless and efficient way to convert AI files to TTF format. Its user-friendly interface, fast conversion speed, high-quality conversions, batch conversion capabilities, and customization options make it an ideal choice for designers and developers looking to convert AI files to TTF format easily and efficiently.

Features Benefits
User-friendly interface Easy to use, no technical knowledge required
Fast conversion speed Saves time and effort
High-quality conversions Pixel-perfect results, retains original details
Batch conversion capabilities Convert multiple files simultaneously
Customization options Tailor converted files according to preferences

Tool B: Features and Benefits

Converting AI files to TTF format is made easy and efficient with Tool B. This powerful tool offers a range of features and benefits that streamline the conversion process and enhance the end result.

  • User-friendly Interface: Tool B is designed with a user-friendly interface, making it simple for both beginners and advanced users to navigate the conversion process.
  • Batch Conversion: With Tool B, you can convert multiple AI files to TTF format at once, saving you time and effort.
  • High-Quality Conversion: Tool B ensures that the converted TTF files retain their original quality, preserving the design details and nuances of the AI files.
  • Customizable Settings: This tool allows you to customize the conversion settings according to your specific requirements, such as adjusting the font size, style, and spacing.
  • File Preview: With Tool B, you can preview the AI files before converting them to TTF format, ensuring that the output meets your expectations.
  • Wide Compatibility: Tool B supports various versions of AI files and TTF fonts, ensuring compatibility with different design software and platforms.

Overall, Tool B provides a comprehensive solution for converting AI files to TTF format, offering a range of features and benefits that enhance the conversion process and deliver high-quality results.


Is it possible to convert AI files to TTF format?

Yes, it is possible to convert AI files to TTF format by using special software or online conversion tools.

What is the easiest way to convert AI files to TTF format?

The easiest way to convert AI files to TTF format is to use online conversion tools such as FontForge or AnyConv. These tools allow you to upload your AI file and convert it to TTF with just a few clicks.

What are some efficient tools for converting AI to TTF?

There are several efficient tools available for converting AI to TTF. Some popular options include FontForge, AnyConv, and Online Font Converter. These tools offer simple and straightforward conversion processes.

Can I convert AI files to TTF format without installing any software?

Yes, you can convert AI files to TTF format without installing any software by using online conversion tools. These tools allow you to upload your AI file and convert it to TTF format directly on the website.

Are there any limitations or restrictions when converting AI to TTF?

When converting AI to TTF format, there might be some limitations or restrictions depending on the conversion tool you’re using. For example, some tools may have file size limitations or may not support certain AI file versions. It’s always recommended to check the specifications of the conversion tool before proceeding with the conversion.

What is the purpose of converting AI to TTF?

The purpose of converting AI to TTF is to make AI files compatible with all devices and software that support the TTF (TrueType Font) format.

What is the difference between AI and TTF files?

AI files are created and used by Adobe Illustrator and contain vector graphics, while TTF files are TrueType fonts that are used to display text in various programs and operating systems.

Can I convert AI to TTF without any additional software?

No, you cannot convert AI to TTF without additional software. You will need a specialized tool or converter to perform the conversion.

Are there any online converters available for converting AI to TTF?

Yes, there are several online converters available that can convert AI to TTF. These converters usually require you to upload your AI file and then they will generate a TTF file for you to download.

Is the conversion process from AI to TTF complicated?

The conversion process from AI to TTF can be complicated if you are not familiar with the necessary tools and techniques. However, with the right software or converter, the process can be relatively simple and efficient.

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