What is the Best Crypto ETF?


Introduction to Crypto ETFs

An exchange-traded fund (ETF) that invests in cryptocurrencies and crypto-related assets is known as a crypto ETF. These ETFs allow investors to gain exposure to the cryptocurrency market without having to directly invest in or hold cryptocurrencies themselves.

Definition of Crypto ETFs

A crypto ETF is a fund that tracks the price of one or more cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum or an index tied to cryptocurrency companies and crypto stocks. Crypto ETFs trade on exchanges just like regular stocks, making them easily accessible to most investors. They offer the advantages of cryptocurrency investments like Bitcoin without investors having to deal with crypto exchanges, wallets, and storage.

Benefits of Investing in Crypto ETFs

There are several key benefits that crypto ETFs can offer investors:

  • Diversification – Crypto ETFs provide exposure to a basket of cryptocurrencies and crypto stocks rather than a single asset. This helps diversify risk.
  • Liquidity – Crypto ETFs trade on major exchanges with high daily volumes, making them liquid investments. This makes it easy to buy and sell them.
  • Low Cost – Crypto ETFs have relatively low expense ratios compared to actively managed mutual funds. This reduces costs for investors.
  • Regulatory Oversight – Crypto ETFs must comply with regulatory requirements, providing investors with disclosures and transparency. Direct crypto investing does not have this.
  • Secure Storage – Crypto ETFs eliminate the need for investors to set up wallets and securely store cryptocurrencies themselves. The ETF handles custody.
  • Simplicity – Investing in crypto ETFs is as easy as trading stocks. There’s no need to engage with complex crypto exchanges and wallets.

Risks of Investing in Crypto ETFs

While crypto ETFs provide some advantages, they also come with certain risks:

  • Volatility – Cryptocurrencies are highly volatile assets, subject to significant price swings. Crypto ETFs inherit this volatility.
  • Tracking Error – Crypto ETF returns may not perfectly match the underlying cryptocurrency index or assets they track due to fees and other factors.
  • Premiums/Discounts – The market price of a crypto ETF could trade above or below its net asset value, which can affect returns.
  • Custody and Security Risks – Crypto ETFs rely on custodians to securely store crypto assets. Breaches could result in losses.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty – Regulations around crypto continue to evolve, adding uncertainty to the future viability of crypto ETFs.

Top-Performing Crypto ETFs

When considering the variety of crypto ETFs available today, there are several that stand out as top performers:

  • ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO)
  • Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF)
  • VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF)
  • Global X Blockchain ETF (BKCH)
  • Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ)

Overview of the Top-Performing Crypto ETFs

These ETFs invest in companies involved in crypto mining, blockchain technology, digital payments and more. Most utilize bitcoin futures rather than direct bitcoin holdings. They offer wide exposure to the growing crypto/blockchain sector.

Comparison of Expense Ratios

When comparing crypto ETFs, the expense ratio is an important factor as it impacts returns. Here are the expense ratios of the top performers:

  • ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) – 0.95%
  • Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF) – 0.95%
  • VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF) – 0.65%
  • Global X Blockchain ETF (BKCH) – 0.50%
  • Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ) – 0.85%

As shown, these ratios range from 0.50% to 0.95%. Lower is better.

Comparison of Holdings

The specific holdings and allocations also differentiate these ETFs:

  • BITO focuses solely on bitcoin futures and money market funds.
  • BTF holds bitcoin futures, cash equivalents, and short-term fixed income.
  • XBTF invests in bitcoin futures and fixed income/cash equivalents.
  • BKCH provides exposure to companies utilizing blockchain tech.
  • BITQ offers a diverse basket of crypto economy companies.

Comparison of Diversification

Diversification levels vary among the ETFs based on their exposure:

  • BITO and BTF have minimal diversification, focusing mainly on bitcoin futures.
  • XBTF also has relatively low diversification with its concentration in bitcoin futures.
  • BKCH and BITQ offer greater diversification across firms in crypto, blockchain, mining, etc.

Comparison of Investment Objectives

While the ETFs have overlap, they also have some differences in their investment objectives:

  • BITO, BTF, XBTF aim to provide bitcoin exposure via futures.
  • BKCH seeks to invest in global equity securities of companies utilizing blockchain tech.
  • BITQ offers exposure to companies leading innovation in crypto and digital assets.

Comparison of Assets Under Management

The size of the ETFs, as measured by assets under management (AUM) also differs substantially:

  • BITO – $1.2 billion
  • BTF – $65 million
  • XBTF – $56 million
  • BKCH – $32 million
  • BITQ – $54 million

BITO is by far the largest, which can help improve liquidity and trading volumes. The others are still relatively small in terms of AUM.

ARK Next Generation Internet ETF (ARKW)

The ARK Next Generation Internet ETF (ARKW) is an actively managed fund focused on companies expected to benefit from developments in technologies like blockchain, AI, cloud computing, cryptocurrencies and more.

Overview of ARKW

ARKW offers exposure to disruptive tech trends like crypto. It holds domestic and foreign stocks across multiple industries, including cryptocurrency firms and crypto-related stocks.

Holdings of ARKW

As of October 2022, ARKW held 43 total positions. Top holdings included Tesla, Roku, Zoom Video, and Coinbase. About 9.4% of the portfolio was in cryptocurrency stocks.

Performance of ARKW

ARKW has an inception date of September 30, 2014. For the 3-year period ending 10/31/2022, ARKW delivered an annualized return of 22.09% compared to 14.05% for the S&P 500 over the same period.

Pros and Cons of Investing in ARKW


  • Exposure to high-growth innovative tech companies, including crypto firms
  • Active management provides ability to adapt to changing dynamics
  • Solid past performance history compared to S&P 500


  • Higher expense ratio of 0.79%
  • Narrow technology focus leads to higher volatility
  • Concentration in Tesla and other top holdings

ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO)

The ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) was the first U.S. bitcoin-linked ETF. It tracks futures contracts on bitcoin rather than investing directly in bitcoin.

Overview of BITO

BITO aims to provide exposure to returns on bitcoin futures markets by tracking the performance of the CF Bitcoin US Settlement Price Index. It does not invest directly in bitcoin.

Holdings of BITO

As of October 2022, the fund held roughly $900 million of bitcoin futures contracts along with cash and cash equivalents. It holds front-month bitcoin futures contracts traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.

Performance of BITO

BITO dropped sharply alongside declining bitcoin prices since its launch in October 2021. Its price fell from over $40 per share to around $12 over the past year as bitcoin futures retreated.

Pros and Cons of Investing in BITO


  • Provides exposure to bitcoin futures through a regulated ETF structure
  • Eliminates complications of holding spot bitcoin
  • Low minimum investment amount compared to bitcoin


  • Does not invest directly in bitcoin, only futures contracts
  • Subject to risks inherent in derivatives market
  • Bitcoin futures tend to trade at a premium to spot bitcoin

VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF)

The VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF) is an ETF that invests in bitcoin futures contracts and seeks to track the MVIS® CryptoCompare Bitcoin Benchmark Rate Index.

Overview of XBTF

XBTF aims to reflect the performance of a benchmark index that measures the performance of bitcoin, as implied by the price of bitcoin futures contracts listed on the CME.

Holdings of XBTF

XBTF holds bitcoin futures contracts traded on the CME along with cash, cash equivalents and fixed income securities for margin/collateral requirements. As of October 2022, it held over $55 million in total assets.

Performance of XBTF

As a newer ETF launched in May 2022, XBTF does not have a long operating history. However, its performance will closely follow futures-based bitcoin prices and benchmarks. Bitcoin futures declined substantially along with spot bitcoin in 2022.

Pros and Cons of Investing in XBTF


  • Provides exposure to bitcoin futures in an ETF vehicle
  • Managed by established ETF provider VanEck
  • Relatively low expense ratio of 0.65%


  • Bitcoin futures can trade at a premium to spot bitcoin
  • Still new with unproven track record
  • Bitcoin futures are volatile and risky derivatives

The Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF)

The Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF) is an actively-managed ETF that aims to provide exposure to bitcoin by investing in CME bitcoin futures contracts and money market funds.

Overview of BTF

BTF seeks to provide investors with exposure to bitcoin price movements by benchmarking the value of fund shares against the price of the front month bitcoin futures contracts traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.

Holdings of BTF

BTF holds bitcoin futures contracts as well as cash, cash equivalents and fixed income securities. As of October 2022, bitcoin futures contracts made up about 25% of its assets while the rest was held in money market funds and other short-term fixed income securities.

Performance of BTF

BTF only began trading in October 2021, so its performance history is limited. In its first year, it has closely tracked the declines in CME bitcoin futures in 2022 alongside the drop in bitcoin prices.

Pros and Cons of Investing in BTF


  • Active ETF provides active management of bitcoin futures exposure
  • Holdings include money market funds and short-term fixed income for stability
  • Lower minimum investment than actual bitcoin


  • Bitcoin futures can be volatile and exhibit contango losses
  • Short unproven operating history
  • High expense ratio of 0.95%

The Valkyrie Bitcoin Miners ETF (WGMI)

The Valkyrie Bitcoin Miners ETF (WGMI) is an equity ETF that invests in companies engaged in bitcoin mining and bitcoin mining infrastructure & equipment.

Overview of WGMI

WGMI holds global stocks of companies that generate the majority of their revenue from bitcoin mining operations. This provides leveraged exposure to bitcoin prices.

Holdings of WGMI

As of October 2022, WGMI held 23 equity positions. Top holdings included Hive Blockchain, Hut 8 Mining, and Bitfarms. Over 90% of the portfolio was concentrated in the top 10 holdings.

Performance of WGMI

In 2021, WGMI returned over 150% as bitcoin prices and mining profits surged. However, in 2022, WGMI has declined by over 60% as bitcoin prices retreated and energy costs rose.

Pros and Cons of Investing in WGMI


  • Leveraged exposure to moves in bitcoin price
  • Active ETF provides active management of miners
  • Low expense ratio of 0.75%


  • Concentrated portfolio lacks diversification
  • Bitcoin miners have high operational risks
  • Bitcoin mining industry still young and evolving

Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ)

The Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ) holds companies engaged in cryptocurrency transactions, mining, technology, and equipment.

Overview of BITQ

BITQ is one of the first crypto industry ETFs. It invests in firms operating crypto exchanges, miners, custodians, and semiconductor firms. BITQ avoids spot cryptocurrencies.

Holdings of BITQ

As of October 2022, BITQ held 50 equity positions totaling over $50 million in assets. Top holdings included Coinbase, MicroStrategy, Galaxy Digital, and Silvergate Capital.

Performance of BITQ

BITQ has declined over 50% in 2022, underperforming the broader S&P 500 but outperforming bitcoin itself. Long-term performance data is unavailable since BITQ only launched in December 2021.

Pros and Cons Investing in BITQ


  • Exposure to picks-and-shovels crypto stocks without holding crypto
  • Active ETF provides active management of holdings
  • Holdings focused on crypto ecosystem infrastructure


  • Very new with limited operating history
  • Narrow focus leads to concentrated sector risk
  • Crypto industry still young and evolving

Blockchain & Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITS)

The Blockchain & Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITS) invests in companies positioned to potentially benefit from continued advances in blockchain technology and the potential growth of bitcoin.

Overview of BITS

BITS seeks to provide investors with exposure to blockchain by holding global stocks across various sectors developing and using blockchain tech.

Holdings of BITS

BITS holds around 75 stocks across cryptocurrency, IT services, software, financial services, and more. Top holdings as of October 2022 included Coinbase, Silvergate Capital, and Crypto Finance AG.

Performance of BITS

As a newer ETF launched in April 2022, BITS does not have an extensive performance history. In its early trading, it has seen high volatility but has outperformed relative to the price of bitcoin itself.

Pros and Cons of Investing in BITS


  • Exposure to blockchain technology adoption across various sectors
  • Active ETF provides active management
  • Holdings go beyond just crypto companies


  • Very new ETF with unproven track record
  • Narrow technology focus leads to risk
  • Blockchain technology still evolving

Comparison with Analogues

Crypto ETFs have some parallels with other investment vehicles like mutual funds, individual cryptocurrencies, and direct crypto investing:

Comparison with Mutual Funds

Crypto ETFs differ from traditional actively managed mutual funds in key ways:

  • Lower expense ratios than most mutual funds
  • Offer more liquidity by trading intraday like stocks rather than at end of day NAV
  • Require less minimum investment amount
  • Provide access to niche themes like crypto and blockchain

However, mutual funds allow for somewhat more customization and control over holdings.

Comparison with Individual Cryptocurrencies

Compared to buying spot cryptocurrencies like bitcoin and ether, crypto ETFs provide advantages like:

  • Eliminate need to set up wallet, keys, storage solutions
  • Offer diversification across many cryptocurrencies or crypto stocks
  • Require less technical knowledge than direct crypto investing
  • Provide access within traditional brokerage account

But buying spot crypto has higher potential upside than futures-based crypto ETFs.

Comparison with Direct Crypto Investing

Direct investing in cryptocurrencies and tokens involves its own benefits and drawbacks:

  • Direct ownership of crypto assets – no intermediaries
  • Ability to participate in ICOs and DeFi protocols
  • Full exposure to upside potential in crypto prices

However, it requires wallets, secure storage, managing keys, dealing with exchanges, and technical knowledge. Crypto ETFs are much easier vehicles for gaining exposure to the asset class.

Comparison Tables

Comparison of Expense Ratios

ETF Expense Ratio
ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) 0.95%
Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF) 0.95%
VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF) 0.65%
Global X Blockchain ETF (BKCH) 0.50%
Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ) 0.85%

Comparison of Holdings

ETF Top Holdings
ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) Bitcoin futures, cash equivalents
Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF) Bitcoin futures, money markets, fixed income
VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF) Bitcoin futures, cash, fixed income
Global X Blockchain ETF (BKCH) Global crypto and blockchain stocks
Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ) Crypto exchanges, miners, custodians

Comparison of Diversification

ETF Diversification Level
ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) Very low
Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF) Low
VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF) Low
Global X Blockchain ETF (BKCH) Moderate
Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ) Moderate

Comparison of Investment Objectives

ETF Investment Objective
ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) Bitcoin exposure through futures
Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF) Bitcoin exposure through active management of futures
VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF) Bitcoin exposure through futures tracking an index
Global X Blockchain ETF (BKCH) Global blockchain technology stocks
Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ) Crypto ecosystem and infrastructure stocks

Comparison of Assets Under Management

ETF Assets Under Management
ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BITO) $1.2 billion
Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF (BTF) $65 million
VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF (XBTF) $56 million
Global X Blockchain ETF (BKCH) $32 million
Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ) $54 million

Tax Implications of Investing in Crypto ETFs

Taxes are an important consideration when investing in crypto ETFs. Here are some key tax factors:

Tax Efficiency of ETFs

ETFs can be more tax-efficient than mutual funds since most ETFs employ a creation and redemption process that minimizes capital gains distributions. However, this can vary based on the ETF structure and underlying holdings.

Taxable Events of ETFs

Owning an ETF itself does not trigger a tax liability. However, the following events are taxable with crypto ETFs:

  • Selling the ETF at a profit
  • Receiving dividends or capital gain distributions
  • Receiving cryptocurrency hard forks

Expense Ratios and Tax Liability

Higher expense ratios reduce investment returns, which in turn lowers taxes owed. But expense ratios themselves do not directly impact tax liability.

Capital Gains Tax and Dividend Income Tax

Investors pay capital gains taxes on profitable crypto ETF sales based on their income tax bracket. Dividend income is also taxable at ordinary income tax rates.

Importance of Partnering with a Tax Professional

Given the complex nature of crypto tax rules, consulting a qualified tax advisor when investing in crypto ETFs is highly recommended.

Risks of Investing in Crypto ETFs

While crypto ETFs provide advantages, they also come with risks that investors should fully consider:

Volatility of the Cryptocurrency Market

High volatility is an inherent feature of the cryptocurrency market, leading to large price swings. Crypto ETFs with significant bitcoin or ether exposure inherit this volatility.

Regulatory Risks

Ongoing regulatory uncertainty around cryptocurrencies poses risks. Any adverse regulations that develop could impact crypto ETFs.

Liquidity Risks

While major crypto ETFs have good liquidity, smaller and newer funds can face lower trading volumes and wider bid-ask spreads.

Counterparty Risks

Crypto ETFs rely on third-party custodians and derivatives counterparties, creating counterparty risks that could lead to losses.

Importance of Diversification

Concentrating holdings in just 1-2 crypto assets amplifies volatility risks. Diversification across many assets helps mitigate this, but does not eliminate it.

How to Invest in Crypto ETFs

For investors interested in gaining exposure to the crypto economy through ETFs, here is a step-by-step guide:

Choosing a Brokerage Account

Select a brokerage account that allows trading of ETFs. Top choices are Fidelity, Charles Schwab, Vanguard, TD Ameritrade, E*Trade and interactive Brokers.

Opening an Account

Open a taxable brokerage account on the platform of your choice. This involves providing personal info and funding the account.

Placing an Order

Search for the crypto ETF you want to buy on the brokerage platform. Enter the number of shares or dollar amount to invest and execute the trade.

Monitoring Your Investment

Track the performance of your crypto ETF investment over time. Rebalance periodically and evaluate whether adjustments are needed.


Summary of the Best Crypto ETFs

Based on all the research and comparisons, the Valkyrie Bitcoin Miners ETF (WGMI) stands out as one of the top options now for getting crypto asset exposure through an ETF due to its strong past performance and leveraged exposure to bitcoin. However, the Global X Blockchain ETF (BKCH) and the Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF (BITQ) are also compelling choices for their diversified holdings in the broader crypto/blockchain space.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Crypto ETF

When selecting a crypto ETF, key factors to evaluate include the expense ratio, holdings, diversification level, AUM, performance history, and investment objectives. Considering your own risk tolerance, time horizon and goals is also crucial.

Importance of Conducting Due Diligence

Thorough due diligence is vital before investing in any crypto ETF. Fully research the fund provider, structure, track record, risks, fee breakdown, tax treatment and overall viability of the ETF to determine if it is right for your situation.

The Role of AI in Crypto ETFs

Artificial intelligence (AI) is starting to play an increasingly important role in cryptocurrency investing and crypto-based ETFs. Here are some of the key ways that AI is impacting crypto ETF landscape:

Portfolio Optimization and Rebalancing

AI algorithms can optimize crypto ETF portfolios by identifying the most efficient asset allocations that maximize returns while minimizing risk. As the market changes, AI systems can rebalance portfolio holdings through automated scripts executing trades.

Quantitative Trading Strategies

Quantitative trading powered by AI entails using data science, predictive modeling, and machine learning to implement rules-based trading strategies that aim to outperform benchmarks. Crypto ETFs are utilizing AI quant models for trade signal generation.

Sentiment Analysis

Analyzing market sentiment based on news, social media, and other data sources through natural language processing and text analytics techniques can help crypto ETFs forecast price movements and volatility.

Analysis of On-Chain Data

On-chain data from analyzing activity on public blockchains can provide valuable signals for assessing cryptocurrency valuations and risks. Crypto ETFs are utilizing AI to parse and extract insights from huge amounts of unstructured on-chain data.

Risk Management

AI programs can perform real-time monitoring of portfolio risks across a variety of parameters like volatility, liquidity, concentration, etc. This enables crypto ETFs to dynamically hedge risks as market conditions change.

High Frequency Trading

Some crypto ETFs are leveraging AI to engage in high frequency trading strategies that use ultra-fast automated algorithmic systems to capitalize on short-term inefficiencies across cryptocurrency exchanges.

Fraud Detection

The use of machine learning techniques to detect trading fraud, price manipulation, and other illicit activities within crypto markets can help crypto ETFs avoid losses and volatility from such events.

Portfolio Construction

AI tools can analyze correlations between asset classes, expected returns, and other factors to create optimized crypto ETF portfolios according to a fund’s goals and investor risk preferences.

Robo-Advisory Solutions

Robo-advisors powered by AI can provide automated guidance to investors on allocating funds across crypto ETFs in alignment with their financial situations and customized investment plans.

In summary, AI is quickly emerging as a critical tool for crypto ETFs seeking to outperform benchmarks, minimize volatility and risk, identify new opportunities, and optimize their overall investment processes through data-driven insights. The integration of AI in crypto investing is still in early stages but holds much promise going forward.

Final Thoughts and Recommendations

In summary, crypto ETFs allow easy, regulated exposure to cryptocurrency prices and the crypto ecosystem – but they are not without risks. Limiting position sizes, sticking to long time horizons, and maintaining a diversified investment portfolio with crypto ETFs can help mitigate the pronounced volatility of this emerging space.


What is a crypto ETF?

A crypto ETF (exchange traded fund) is an investment fund that holds underlying assets related to cryptocurrencies and tracks the performance of cryptocurrencies or crypto stocks. Crypto ETFs allow investors to gain exposure to the crypto market through regulated investment vehicles.

How do crypto ETFs work?

Crypto ETFs work like regular ETFs - they are funds that issued shares that trade on exchanges just like stocks. The ETFs invest in cryptocurrency assets and futures contracts that track crypto prices and industry stocks. Investors can buy and sell crypto ETF shares on exchanges to gain crypto exposure.

What are the benefits of investing in crypto ETFs?

The benefits include diversification across crypto assets rather than buying individual coins, low costs, trading convenience on exchanges, security without needing wallets, and regulatory oversight.

What are the risks of investing in crypto ETFs?

Risks include high crypto volatility, tracking error versus underlying assets, premiums/discounts on market price, custodial risks of crypto holdings, and lack of direct crypto ownership.

How many crypto ETFs are there?

Currently around 25-30 crypto ETFs trade in the U.S. market across fund sponsors like ProShares, Valkyrie, VanEck, Global X, and Bitwise. More fund providers are launching.

What crypto assets do ETFs hold?

The ETFs hold varying baskets of assets depending on strategy - including cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, crypto futures contracts, crypto stocks, blockchain stocks, mining stocks, and crypto related bonds.

Do crypto ETFs hold Bitcoin directly?

Most leading crypto ETFs currently invest in bitcoin futures contracts rather than holding Bitcoin directly. A spot Bitcoin ETF has yet to be approved by U.S. regulators.

What are the top performing crypto ETFs?

Based on returns, the top performers include the Valkyrie Bitcoin Miners ETF, ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF, VanEck Bitcoin Strategy ETF, Global X Blockchain ETF and Bitwise Crypto Innovators ETF.

What is the cheapest crypto ETF?

The Global X Blockchain ETF has the lowest expense ratio at 0.50%. Other low cost choices are the Vaneck Bitcoin Strategy ETF and Fidelity Crypto Industry and Digital Payments ETF.

Which crypto ETF is the largest?

Currently the largest crypto ETF in terms of assets under management is the ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF with over $1.2 billion in AUM.

Should I choose an active or passive crypto ETF?

Active ETFs have managers selecting holdings, while passive ETFs track an index. Active ETFs carry higher fees but may outperform. Passive ETFs have lower costs but no human management.

How are crypto ETFs taxed?

Taxes on crypto ETFs include capital gains taxes on profitable sale of shares, dividend/distribution taxes, and taxes owed on hard forks if new coins are credited. Consult a tax professional.

Are there risks related to SEC regulations?

Yes, further SEC rules around crypto could impact certain products and structures. Investors should be aware of potential regulatory risks.

How do I research which crypto ETF to buy?

Compare aspects like holdings, fees, liquidity, tracking error, performance history, fund provider reputation, investment objective, and overall fund structure.

Can I invest in crypto ETFs in my 401k or IRA?

You cannot hold crypto ETFs directly in 401ks or IRAs yet. However, some self-directed IRA providers allow investing in crypto assets through them.

Are crypto ETFs fully insured by the FDIC?

No, as investment funds, crypto ETFs are not FDIC insured. Cryptocurrency holdings also lack FDIC coverage and have their own separate insurance needs.

Which crypto ETF has the most holdings?

The Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF holds over 50 different crypto ecosystem stocks. Other broadly diversified options include the Blockchain & Bitcoin Strategy ETF.

Should I invest in a spot Bitcoin ETF or futures-based ETF?

Spot bitcoin ETFs tracking actual bitcoin are not yet available. Futures-based ETFs track derivative contracts. If holding real bitcoin is preferred, a spot ETF is theoretically better.

What is the largest futures-based Bitcoin ETF?

Currently the largest bitcoin futures ETF is the ProShares Bitcoin Strategy ETF with over $1.2 billion in assets under management (AUM).

What is the ticker symbol for the Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF?

The ticker symbol for the Valkyrie Bitcoin Strategy ETF is BTF. This ETF trades on the NASDAQ.

How often do crypto ETFs rebalance their holdings?

Rebalancing frequency varies. Passive index ETFs rebalance according to index schedules. Actively managed ETFs have flexibility to rebalance based on portfolio manager decisions.

Can I trade crypto ETFs commission-free?

Many brokers like Fidelity, Charles Schwab, and interactive Brokers now offer commission-free trading on ETFs, including crypto ETFs in many cases. Check your broker.

Do all crypto ETFs pay dividends to investors?

No, some crypto ETFs function more like growth funds and may pay lower dividends. Compare distribution histories when selecting an income-oriented crypto ETF.

Are there mutual funds that invest in crypto?

Currently only a few actively managed mutual funds provide crypto exposure, such as small cap funds taking limited stakes in crypto stocks. No diversified crypto mutual funds exist yet.

Do any 401k plans allow investing in crypto ETFs?

A few progressive 401k plans are starting to explore crypto ETF options, but currently most do not provide access to any crypto investments due to regulatory uncertainty.

What are the custodial risks of crypto ETFs?

Crypto ETFs rely on custodian banks to hold crypto assets. Breaches, mismanagement or access issues at custodians could result in fund losses.

Which countries have the most crypto ETF products?

Canada and select European countries currently have the most regulatory approved crypto ETFs trading. The U.S. has growing options but lags jurisdictions with greater regulatory clarity.

Can I invest in crypto ETFs in a Roth IRA?

Yes, you can purchase crypto ETFs in a Roth IRA just like stocks or bonds, as long as the brokerage platform you use for the Roth allows crypto ETF trading.

Do crypto ETFs require a digital wallet to purchase?

No, you invest in crypto ETFs just like normal ETFs by purchasing shares through your brokerage account. No external crypto wallet is needed.

How often should I monitor and rebalance my crypto ETF holdings?

Ideally crypto ETFs should be assessed quarterly. More frequent rebalancing may be needed due to crypto volatility. Revisit contributions and weighting based on performance.

What blockchain ETFs are available?

Blockchain ETF options include the Amplify Transformational Data Sharing ETF, First Trust Indxx Innovative Transaction & Process ETF, and Global X Blockchain ETF.

How are crypto ETF returns taxed compared to individual cryptocurrencies?

For direct crypto, capital gains tax rates depend on long-term vs. short term holding periods. For ETFs, held shares are subject to capital gains rates while distributions are taxed as income.

What is the Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF ticker symbol?

The ticker symbol for the Bitwise Crypto Industry Innovators ETF is BITQ.

Which crypto ETFs provide exposure to decentralized finance (DeFi)?

Currently no pure-play DeFi crypto ETFs exist, but some broad-based crypto ETFs provide minor exposure to DeFi stocks like AAVE, Uniswap, Compound, etc.

Do crypto ETFs have any unlocking periods for assets?

No, you can freely buy and sell crypto ETF shares on exchanges without lockup periods or redemption restrictions, providing daily liquidity, unlike some crypto hedge funds.

What cryptocurrencies are included in the Valkyrie Digital Assets ETF?

The Valkryie Digital Assets ETF holds Bitcoin and Ethereum. Up to 15% of the fund can hold other altcoins as well.

Which crypto ETFs hold non-fungible tokens (NFTs)?

Currently no U.S. crypto ETF directly holds NFTs. Some blockchain ETFs and crypto industry ETFs provide very minor indirect NFT exposure via holdings.

What is the difference between the two Fidelity crypto ETFs?

Fidelity offers the Fidelity Crypto Industry and Digital Payments ETF (FDIG) and Fidelity Advantage Bitcoin ETF (FBIT). FDIG invests in crypto ecosystem stocks while FBIT holds bitcoin futures.

Can I invest in a crypto ETF in Canada if I am a U.S. citizen?

It depends on the brokerage, but U.S. citizens living and staying in Canada, for example, may potentially be eligible to open accounts with Canadian brokers and purchase Canadian listed crypto ETFs.

What are some risk management strategies for crypto ETF investing?

Diversification, limiting position sizes, disciplined rebalancing, stop-loss orders, hedging, and allocating only discretionary funds are some of the top risk management strategies to consider.

How rapidly is the crypto ETF space evolving?

Very rapidly. Many new providers are launching funds and products are proliferating across structure types from spot funds to altcoin funds. Innovation is happening quickly.

What fees do I need to be aware of with crypto ETFs?

Be aware of expense ratios, management fees, trading commissions/spreads, premiums/discounts on share price, bid-ask spreads, and broker account fees. Shop brokers for fee deals.

Should I pick an emerging or established fund provider?

Established ETF firms have solid track records but less crypto experience. Younger firms are crypto native but unproven. Blend experience and crypto expertise when selecting.

How can I assess the liquidity of a crypto ETF?

Check trading volumes, assets under management, bid-ask spread levels, and whether an authorized participant creates and redeems shares, which aids price discovery.

Are there any ESG-focused crypto ETFs?

Currently no ESG-specific crypto ETFs exist yet, but some broad-based crypto ETFs utilize ESG screens in their portfolio selection process when feasible. This space is still emerging.

Which fund providers have pending crypto ETF applications with the SEC?

Fund providers with pending applications include Fidelity, SkyBridge, First Trust, ARK Invest, and more. The SEC has been slow to approve spot bitcoin ETFs up until this point.

Should I use crypto ETFs for short-term speculation or long-term investing?

Ideally crypto ETFs should be used as part of a long-term portfolio allocation given the high volatility. Short-term speculation via trading bears significant risks.

How can I learn about new crypto ETF launches and products?

Follow leading ETF websites, SEC filings, fund company press releases, and crypto news sites. Turning on email alerts helps stay on top of new crypto ETF developments.

Can I dollar cost average into crypto ETFs?

Yes. Many brokers support automatic recurring investments, allowing you to steadily dollar cost average into your chosen crypto ETFs to build positions over time.

Which crypto ETF index has the most diversified methodology?

The S&P Cryptocurrency Broad Digital Market Index provides diversified modified market cap weighted exposure to the largest, most liquid cryptocurrencies, offering one broad index option.

Are there any convenient robo-advisor options for crypto ETFs?

Currently only a couple robo-advisor apps like Wealthfront offer very limited crypto ETF exposure, so robos have yet to broadly embrace crypto ETFs. But offerings may expand.

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